Legacy Mindsets in Test Automation

By Alex Yakyma. 

 In software development even these days test automation fails much more often than it succeeds. There are multiple reasons for this, but traditional thinking has a very strong impact in this regard – I’m referring to various legacy mindsets, originating from decades of the “divide and manage by function” pseudo-scientific set of beliefs that don’t withstand any practical validation, but unfortunately thousands of minds of otherwise smart people still adhere to such thinking. After one or two failed attempts, many organizations do not automate at all. Others do, but their process is not very effective even though automated test engineers manage to stay surprisingly busy. We will explore these false beliefs as well as working alternatives that evolved as a result of applying Lean thinking and Agile testing approaches inspired by Extreme Programming and its further evolution into areas such as BDD and ATDD. We will also be primarily concerned with principles that work at scale. 

Let’s consider these areas of concerns in more detail: 

Legacy Mindset #1: Automation should primarily be done by a separate automation team. 

This is one of the most severe issues with testing per se, creating endless list of problems, the most challenging of which are:
-          Developers never use these tests on a daily basis to prevent the propagation of un-validated code into the main code branch in the first place. This basically makes the feedback loop, which should be as short as possible, just the opposite, necessitating significant rework later when the tests are run. A lot of money gets wasted this way.
-          Developers and architects never bother with system testability and grow system design under completely different set of forces, making test automation an incredibly tough work.
-          Such tests never keep up with the latest requirements as developers (and possibly manual testers) move faster and are more flexible in responding to new requests and clarifications from the product owner and stakeholders.  

Agile team has to cover as many steps in the target value stream as possible. And even though something may be left outside their purview within iteration, this cannot be automated testing as it is indeed one of the key agile practices. If you cannot automate the tests for your own code, you are not a truly agile team. However, automation must be taken very seriously; many teams would be surprised at how much simpler automation actually is than they might have initially thought.
It is also important to note that the System Team can perform certain part of test automation within the program even in a very effective agile environment. However, if this is the only team creating automated tests and if the rest of the agile teams in the program do not automate, this just introduces equally poor waterfall-like behaviors with all the corresponding disadvantages, leading to a slowly moving, unreliable process. A good scenario entails just the opposite – when the system team actively collaborates with agile teams and aims to continuously give away more and more automation work to them while the system team themselves looks for the next systemic bottleneck for the program to cope with. This is part of the self-organization paradigm for the Agile Release Train as a team of teams capable of producing “the best architectures, requirements, and designs” at scale. 

Legacy Mindset #2: Automation is primarily done by specially trained automation engineers, using expensive automation tools. 

Companies waste hundreds of thousands of dollars on tools, and spend their time and effort hiring external people who can man them, essentially creating a hard dependency and largely ineffective process. These days, one can find very decent free tools with wide user communities, which are:
1.       Easier to use.
2.       Developed by agilists for agilists, so it’s no wonder it works for agile teams.
3.       Can be used by virtually anybody on the team.
Most unit testing frameworks are free for most platforms. Most BDD/ATDD tools are also free and work great for acceptance testing. Moreover, these tools are typically open source, allowing for customization whenever required. Using such tools helps to avoid multiple different bottlenecks that expensive commercial tools and employees with rare skills tend to introduce in the organization. 

Legacy Mindset #3: Testing via the User Interface. 

Do not test via the UI whenever it may be avoided. Always first look for alternatives and be ready to invest in those – it will tremendously pay off over time. Tests that operate via the UI are brittle and laborious both in terms of their creation and maintenance. Once again, a lot of money wasted. Even with such useful tools like Robot Framework or Cucumber (that leverage the re-use of “bindings”), their application to testing via the UI remains very fragile. Apart from very rare cases, following is the right thing:

Test via the programming API itself or simpler protocols such as XML or REST services, flat files, etc., but not UI. 

To enable this, the system under test should allow for testability. In very many cases, though, the system is not designed so. In this case it is time to revise key system design assumptions and to start gradually breaking hard dependencies in the overloaded UI and thus start moving towards the separation of concerns. System testability is one of the key nonfunctional requirements (just like performance or scalability or any other “-ility”) and should be considered very seriously as it ultimately enables everything else. 

Legacy Mindset #4: Manual testers cannot write automated tests.
In the post about ATDD and Exploratory Testing, I describe a scenario that enables manual test engineers to effectively create new automated tests from existing step definitions that have been created by others. While this process still requires little attention from developers (or automated test engineers), at some point, it allows manual testers to do a lot on their own without interrupting anybody else.  

Legacy Mindset #5: It is OK to write automated tests later. 

No it is not. “Building quality in” is one of the key Lean themes. It is too late and fairly pointless to write tests against the existing functionality. It requires too much effort to achieve an effect that is too marginal. 

Legacy Mindset #6: It is OK if only technical people are able to understand automated tests.

The disruptive success of new agile tools and ATDD techniques involving agile teams and their stakeholders in collaboratively defining system requirements in the form of executable examples (read: tests) is proving to be just the opposite. Tests can be written in plain English (or another natural language) and yet execute against the system and indicate what is passing and what is not. This type of tests becomes a kind of a cornerstone for conversation between business people, developers and testers. Nothing better sets the shared context. Tests in a natural language save significant effort and money by driving away ambiguities in requirements and their implementation. Gherkin-based tools (such as Cucumber, SpecFlow, JBehave, Lattuce, Behat, RSpec – for whole variety of platforms) that support business readable tests have already been widely adopted and are gaining more and more users as we speak. Other tools like Robot Framework or Fitnesse are also solving this problem from a slightly different angle.    

----------------------------
By taking an economic view and applying systems thinking, this allows organizations to critically look at their current practices and improve the quality and speed of the process. Automated testing is much more tightly connected with requirements definition, is primarily a collaborative practice used by agile teams, and relies heavily on paying continuous attention to proper design that would support testability.

250 comments:

  1. lock or unlock doors for guests or repairmen; and detect water leaks. Conveyor Systems

    ReplyDelete
  2. This was a good suggestion that you put up here.hope that it benefits all the ones who land up here.

    Shear Beam Load Cell

    ReplyDelete
  3. Thanks for your informative article on UFT automation testing tool. Your post helped me to understand the features and functionality of QTP automation testing tool. QTP training

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thankful for your instructive article on UFT computerization testing instrument. You share the helpful information.

    Manpower Consultancy in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  5. I am reading your post from the beginning, it was so interesting to read & I feel thanks to you for posting such a good blog, keep updates regularly.
    Regards,
    Python Courses in Chennai|Python Classes in Chennai|Python training courses

    ReplyDelete
  6. Excellent Post!!! Your interview questions on QTP automation tool will assist freshers and experienced professionals to sharpen their skills and be successful in job interview. QTP training institute in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  7. Thanks for sharing this niche useful informative post to our knowledge, Actually SAP is ERP software that can be used in many companies for their day to day business activities it has great scope in future.
    Regards,
    SAP courses in chennai|SAP institutes in chennai|SAP Training Institute in Chennai|sap course in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  8. Provides a good opportunity to learn and retain useful information.Well done.

    ios Training in Chennai | Salesforce Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  9. Thanks for sharing detailed information of unified functional testing automation tool. QTP Course in Chennai | QTP training

    ReplyDelete
  10. Selenium is a most popular automation testing tool used to validate web application and other internet applications. This test automation tool readily integrates with your web browser and makes complicated testing process lot simpler. Selenium Course in Chennai | Best Selenium training institute in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  11. Effective sharing.Our iOS training in completely focused to get placement in MNC in Chennai and certification on iOS after completion of our course. ios Training in Chennai | ios Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  12. There are lots of information about latest technology, like Hadoop cluster is a special type of computational cluster designed specifically for storing and analyzing huge amounts of unstructured data in a distributed computing environment. This information seems to be more unique and interesting. Thanks for sharing.
    Big Data Training Chennai | Big Data Training | Hadoop Course in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  13. With the help of such a useful portable tool recording every online action was made simpler and easier. Thanks to Selenium testing tool training chennai. The content you have furnished here is worthwhile to read, keep sharing article like this. By the way you are running a great blog.(Best selenium training institutes in chennai)

    ReplyDelete
  14. Excellent post!!! Your article helped to under the future of java development. Being an open source platform, java is integrated in most of the software development industries to create rich featured applications. J2EE Training in Chennai | JAVA Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  15. Excellent post!!! Selenium automation testing tool makes your software validation process lot simpler. Keep on updating your blog with such awesome information. Selenium Training in Chennai | Selenium Course in Chennai | Selenium training institute in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  16. Thank you for the informative post. It was thoroughly helpful to me. Keep posting more such articles on software testing training in Chennai and enlighten us.

    ReplyDelete
  17. I agree with your post. Android software development kit makes the application development process lot simpler and effective. You can create best performing android application with ease. Android Training Institutes in Chennai | Android Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  18. Thanks for your informative article. Your pose helped me a lot to under the future in .Net mobile application development. .NET Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  19. I gathered useful information on this point . Thank you posting relative information and its now becoming easier to complete this assignment
    mahjong |geometry dash | hulk|agario| kizi|sniper games| minecraft|halloween | pacman| games

    ReplyDelete
  20. Thanks for this blog, I'am very much delighted to say that this blog has helped me a lot in gain some extra knowledge about software testing.
    Selenium training in Chennai|Selenium training|Selenium testing training in chennai|Selenium training chennai

    ReplyDelete
  21. Great article Corbett. I believe blog comments should be left on. Interaction is key. Quite often I find extra interesting tips that continue in the discussion - of course their is Spam too.
    Crazy Bulk Dbal

    ReplyDelete
  22. Garcinia Cambogia,a tropical fruit also known as the Malabar tamarind, is a popular weight-loss supplement. Find Garcinia Cambogia Supplement review at http://www.dietreviewmonster.com/

    ReplyDelete
  23. GSSSB 2480 Revenue Talati Bharti Recruitment 2016

    Good Post, I’ll bookmark your blog and take a look at again right here regularly.....

    ReplyDelete
  24. Assam 2564 Police Constable Recruitment 2016 Apply Online


    knowledge from your web site.it's a reputable great report.....................

    ReplyDelete
  25. Very useful info would like to subscribe to your blog for more info.

    Crazy Bulk | Crazy Bulk Reviews

    ReplyDelete
  26. Thank you for your test. Your experiment has worked, and it was back or canceled. Please use the sandbox to perform any test you want to edit.!
    G9G , Dora , Kizi new , Huz 2 , Kizi 2 , Friv 4 School , 85 Play , 4223 Games , 85 Games

    ReplyDelete
  27. Updating with the latest technology and implementing it is the only way to survive in our niche. Thanks for making me understand through this article. You have done a great job by sharing this content in here. Keep writing article like this.

    DOT NET Training in Chennai | Best DOT NET Training in Chennai | DOT NET Training Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  28. http://www.wheretobuyphenq.com/
    http://www.phenqweightloss.com/

    ReplyDelete
  29. Your blog is really awesome and I get a lot of great information from this blog. Thanks for sharing such an informative post on blog. Keep posting. It’s really useful and interesting...
    Healthcare Business Analysis Online Training
    Tableau Online Training
    Qlikview Online Training
    ServiceNow Administrator Online Training
    Peoplesoft HRMS Functional Online Training

    ReplyDelete
  30. The Information which you provided is very much useful for Selenium Testing Training Learners. Thank You for Sharing Valuable Information.
    Selenium Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  31. Technology place a vital part in humans ecosystem. So in order to survive one must be up to date. Thanks for sharing this information in here. Keep blogging article like this. I have bookmarked this page for future reference.


    Hadoop Training Chennai | Big Data Training Chennai | JAVA training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  32. That is an extremely smart written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and return to learn extra of your useful information. Thank you for the post. I will certainly return.
    agario
    happy wheels
    car games
    pacman
    plants vs zombies
    solitaire

    ReplyDelete
  33. Hi, I am a regular contributor of your blog. Really very informative post. Thanks for sharing this informative blog to our vision. Selenium Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  34. D-bal Max Reviews - Dianabol (methandrostenolone) often called Dbol, is an oral anabolic steroid that offers massive gains in very short periods.

    ReplyDelete
  35. Hi, I am really happy to found such a helpful and fascinating post that is written in well manner.
    Regards
    Software Testing Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  36. Hi, you have given really informative post. Thanks for sharing this post to our vision. Suppose if anyone interested to get QTP Training in Chennai, reach us besant technologies. Rated as No.1 IT training and placement institute in Chennai.

    ReplyDelete
  37. PhenQ Reviews - Most Powerful Weight Loss Pills. PhenQ is the newest weight loss pill that has been proven by legitimate and smart science. http://phenq-reviews.com/

    ReplyDelete
  38. Posts about history are cool! Nice one. diet pills

    ReplyDelete
  39. Muscletronic Have Side effects?
    Again none reported starting yet, however this item is entirely high in stimulants so won't suit everyone.. Anyone with a narrow mindedness to caffeine and so forth could feel rather shakey in the wake of taking it, and it will with no uncertainty influence your rest in the event that you take it past the point of no return in the day.
    WHERE TO BUY MUSCLETRONIC?
    Accessible to purchase direct from the producers at muscletronic.com… a months supply will cost you $59.99 and there are some bigger bundles accessible at marked down costs, some with free bottles.
    Best Buy would need to be the 4 bottle bundle… purchase 4 bottles and get another 2 FREE.. this will cost you 237.00 an awesome saving.
    MUSCLETRONIC Money Back Guarantee:
    The creators do offer a 60 day money back assurance that applies to both opened and unopened Bottles.

    ReplyDelete
  40. I enjoyed over read your blog post. Your blog have nice information, I got good ideas from this amazing blog. I am always searching like this type blog post. I hope I will see again..
    cool games| cool math games| 8 ball pool| sudoku| yoob| stickman games| unblocked games | shooting games| friv4school|
    happy wheels| fighting games

    ReplyDelete
  41. Thanks for sharing this informative blog. If you are interested in taking .net in professional carrier visit this website.Dot Net Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  42. Really awesome blog. Your blog is really useful for me.
    Thanks for sharing this informative blog. Keep update your blog.
    Oracle Training In Chennai |
    Hadoop Training In Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  43. Best Java Training Institute In ChennaiThis information is impressive; I am inspired with your post writing style & how continuously you describe this topic. After reading your post, thanks for taking the time to discuss this, I feel happy about it and I love learning more about this topic..

    ReplyDelete
  44. This post is really nice and informative. The explanation given is really comprehensive and informative..
    SAS Training In Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  45. Thank you for taking the time to provide us with your valuable information. We strive to provide our candidates with
    excellent care and we take your comments to heart.As always, we appreciate your confidence and trust in us.
    ... Software Testing Training in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  46. Hibernate and spring are the frameworks of Java. A java developer should be well aware of these frameworks in order to master the technology and work efficeiently.
    spring training in chennai | hibernate training in chennai
    FITA Academy reviews

    ReplyDelete
  47. Java is the most robust secured and multi threaded programming language which is the reason why most the the developers go for java. A single java code can be used for various platforms.
    JAVA training in chennai | java training institutes in chennai | FITA Academy Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  48. Thank you for taking the time to provide us with your valuable information. We strive to provide our candidates with excellent care and we take your comments to heart.As always, we appreciate your confidence and trust in us.
    ... iOS Training in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  49. Garcinina Cambogia extract was recently featured on Dr. Oz where he proclaimed it as the "Holy Grail of Weight Loss" supplements. Learn how Dr Oz Garcinia Extracts Works to Lose Weight, Burn fat and suppress appetite.

    ReplyDelete
  50. Extreme Nutritions Selling Bodybuilding,Weightloss,Women's health and Sexual Products for All and Get the Best Prices on Extreme Nutritions Supplements Legal Steroids

    ReplyDelete
  51. noocube Nootropics also called smart drugs, memory enhancers, neuro enhancers, cognitive enhancers, and intelligence enhancers. Find detailed Noocube review, effects & facts. http://www.noocube-nootropics.com/

    ReplyDelete
  52. This post is really decent and informative. The explanation given is really comprehensive and informative..

    Phone System

    ReplyDelete
  53. I am happy to found such helpful and fascinating post that is written in well manner.
    QTP Training in Chennai | Software Testing Training in Chennai | Selenium Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  54. Very informative post thanks for share this with us.I am really glad to be here and to discover this fantastic post.
    LunarPages Deals

    ReplyDelete
  55. It tells about the different tips of software testing and it is really useful for us like programmers by getting this information.
    abap training in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  56. SMS plugin That Boost your business Best Plugin for online stores and for marketing....

    Twilio woocommerce plugin

    ReplyDelete
  57. The main thing which i like about web designing is that it needs creativity and we need to work differently acccording to our clients need this needs a creativity and innovation.
    web designing course in chennai|web designing training in chennai|web designing courses in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  58. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  59. Hi, actually I'am new to angularJs and infact I'am learning angularjs with online training. I'am having doubt, if you could solve the doubt for me that would be very helpful. The doubt is, how can I reset a “$timeout”, and disable a “$watch()”?
    Regards,
    angularjs training in Chennai | angularjs training | angularjs training Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  60. The best thing about HTML5 is that it allows the developers to embed the video files, audio files, and high quality graphics without any third party applications.
    html5 training in chennai | html5 training institutes in chennai | FITA Academy reviews

    ReplyDelete
  61. I love reading your articles and I shared it with my friends.
    People also like it and give good feedback. Thank you
    minecraft games

    ReplyDelete
  62. Interesting post. I Have Been wondering about this issue, so thanks for posting.
    Top Legal Anabolic Steroids
    Crazy Bulk Reviews
    Crazy Bulk Review

    ReplyDelete
  63. Phen375 Weight Loss
    Be sure to get the best deal on Phen375. Beware of cheap imitations. Check out our Phen375 review and find out more!

    ReplyDelete
  64. interesting and unpredictable post,thanks for share this with us.I just glad to be here and to discover this awesome post.
    Call Girls in Paharganj

    ReplyDelete
  65. Selenium is a testing tool which is an open source which can work very well for the professionals and for testers. If a profesional is knowing manual testing then if he learn seenium then there are good chance for career growth.
    selenium training in chennai | selenium training institute in chennai | selenium course in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  66. Thanks for the best blog.it was very useful for me.keep sharing such ideas in the future as well. Thanks for giving me the useful information. I think I need it!
    Plants vs Zombies , Solitaire,Tom And Jerry Games, Brain Games, Happy Wheels , FNAF World , FNAF

    ReplyDelete
  67. This article is very is made up of lot more information regarding This particular Matter.Video Calls App

    ReplyDelete
  68. Thanks, you guys that is a great explanation. keep up the good work in your granite blog.
    mickey mouse games |
    happy wheels |
    agario

    ReplyDelete
  69. Crazy bulk is one of the ideal options to build quality and strongest muscles masses just in 2 to 3 weeks. This is the greatest product for muscle growth that provides the good muscle size. The person who is looking for the right muscle gaining supplement they can choose this crazy bulk product to gain powerful muscles as well as the crazy bulk helps to increase your stamina. http://www.crazybulkstacks.com/

    ReplyDelete
  70. Thanks for the best blog.it was very useful for me.keep sharing such idea
    s in the future as well.this was actually what i was looking for,and i
    am glad to came here
    earn to die play
    earn to die
    earn to die
    Hi! I’ve been reading your blog for a while now and finally got the
    earn to die 3
    courage to go ahead and give youu a shout out from
    earn to die 6
    Austin Texas! Just wanted to tell
    earn to die 3

    ReplyDelete
  71. These financial specialists are so roused at the prospect that they will treasure chase for stock that does NOT exist.
    crazy bulk

    ReplyDelete
  72. Having green tea after a blowout can be mind boggling to back off the discharge of Insulinphenq

    ReplyDelete
  73. Thanks for the best blog.it was very useful for me.keep sharing such ideas in the future as well.this was actually what i was looking for,and i am glad to came here!
    Tank trouble
    Hi! I’ve been reading your blog for a while
    now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give youu a shout out from Austin Texas! Just wanted to tell you keep up the fantastic work!my weblog:
    Earn to die

    Barron Games

    Subble shooter

    Tank trouble

    ReplyDelete
  74. It is additionally ready to expand the digestion system of the body with the goal that one uses up a great deal of vitality and tat way blaze the additional calories to lessen weight all the more adequately.phen375

    ReplyDelete
  75. Crazy bulk is one of the ideal options to build quality and strongest muscles masses just in 2 to 3 weeks. This is the greatest product for muscle growth that provides the good muscle size. The person who is looking for the right muscle gaining supplement they can choose this crazy bulk product to gain powerful muscles as well as the crazy bulk helps to increase your stamina. http://www.crazybulkstacks.com/

    ReplyDelete
  76. MaleExtra is the popular sexual health supplement designed for better sex. Find out how Male Extra pills work, their ingredients, where to buy and more.

    ReplyDelete
  77. There are millions of people around the globe who are interested in losing weight.superphenq

    ReplyDelete
  78. Male extra is considered to be one among the most popular types of penis enhancement pills available in the marketplace today.

    ReplyDelete
  79. Let’s keep out sites for your child! click:
    brain games | puzzle games | tetris | happy wheels | agario | abcya | fnaf 4
    To play for free!

    ReplyDelete
  80. Amazing content.If you are interested instudying nodejs visit this website. Nodejs is an open source, server side web application that enables you to build fast and scalable web application that is capable of running large number of simultaneous connections that has high throughput.
    Node js Training in Chennai | Node JS training institute in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  81. http://salelegalsteroids.com/decaduro-decadurabolin/
    http://salelegalsteroids.com/anavarol-anavar/
    http://salelegalsteroids.com/anadrole-anadrol/
    http://salelegalsteroids.com/t-bal75-trenbolone/
    http://salelegalsteroids.com/d-bal-dianabol/

    ReplyDelete
  82. nice article...
    SEO training in hyderabad by experts in digital markeing And by prosessional experts in seo.All the training by placement and also guide by the professionals.SEO training in hyderabad

    ReplyDelete
  83. This topic is interesting. This information is very useful to me. I hope there will be many articles or like this article. Thank you for sharing
    head soccer unblocked is the main game in our website. To head soccer soccer heads will be played the famous game about Big Head Soccer . Big Head Football or big head basketball unblocked games games as well as our favorite

    The Head Soccer Big Head Soccer synthetic Big Head Football games famous. on head soccer you could be playing head soccer unblocked , big head basketball or Big Head Soccer Head Soccer Big Head Soccer Big Head Football big head basketball big head basketball are games is our top. Rejoice with Head Soccer Big Head Soccer Big Head Football Big Head Football big head basketball offline

    Tiny Tanks is a popular game that all of you would like. In which you can play Tiny Planes, Run 3 Unblocked Run 4 Unblocked Hacked unblocked Games. Or you can go to play Tiny Planes Tiny Planes Beta
    Run 3 Unblocked
    Run 4 Unblocked
    Run Unblocked
    Car Racing Games
    Super Mario Unblocked.
    Donkey Kong Unblocked.

    ReplyDelete
  84. This blog is so nice to me. I will continue to come here again and again. Visit my link as well. Good luck
    obat aborsi cytotec
    cara menggugurkan kandungan
    obat telat datang bulan
    obat penggugur kandungan

    ReplyDelete
  85. amazing post to read and i just amaze to read this with us.Thanks for share this with us.I just amazed to be here and to read this perfect post.Thanks
    Udemy Discount Coupons

    ReplyDelete
  86. Angular JS is a structural framework for dynamic web application and angular's data binding eliminates much of the code that you would otherwise write it.
    Angularjs Training in Chennai | Angularjs training Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  87. Excellant content. To know the details and importance of python course visit below. Python is an object oriented high level programming language which is built in data structures combined with dynamic typing and dynamic binding making it very attractive for rapid application development.
    Python Training in Chennai | Python Course in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  88. MaleExtra is the popular sexual health supplement designed for better sex. Find out how Male Extra pills work, their ingredients, where to buy and more.

    ReplyDelete

  89. thanks for sharing information,nice article
    http://hadooptraininginhyderabad.co.in/salesforce-training-in-hyderabad/

    ReplyDelete
  90. If you are looking for some reliable way to shed the excess amount of unwanted fat from your body then the best option is Forskolin Fuel http://www.wheretobuyforskolinfuel.com/
    Forskolin Fuel

    ReplyDelete
  91. Very good. you are the winner. Do not forget update new information regularly. thank !
    - slither.io
    - wings.io
    - vanar.io
    - Emoji Facebook
    - diep.io

    ReplyDelete
  92. Excellant post!!!. The strategy you have posted on this technology helped me to get into the next level and had lot of information in it.
    Node JS training in chennai | Node JS training institute in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  93. In your blog I was happy to see your article, better than last time, and have made great progress, I am very pleased. I am looking forward to your article will become better and better.
    Funny Videos

    ReplyDelete
  94. http://4th.co.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
    http://4th.co.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
    http://4th.co.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
    http://4th.co.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
    http://4th.co.in/packers-and-movers-chandigarh/

    ReplyDelete
  95. Updating with the latest technology and implementing it is the only way to survive in our niche. Thanks for making me this article. You have done a great job by sharing this content in here. Keep writing article like this.
    SAS Training in Chennai | SAS Course in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  96. Thanks Admin for sharing such a useful post, I hope it’s useful to many individuals for whose looking this precious information to developing their skill.
    Regards,
    Software testing training institutes in chennai|Best software testing training institute in chennai|Software testing training in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  97. Excellent article!!! LoadRunner is popular automation testing tool used for validating a software application/system under load. It delivers most precise information about the performance, functionality and behavior of the software product.
    Loadrunner course in Chennai|Best Loadrunner training institute in chennai|Loadrunner Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  98. Well Said, you have furnished the right information that will be useful to anyone at all time. Thanks for sharing your Ideas.
    digital marketing course in Chennai | digital marketing training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  99. Nice blog.Thanks admin for sharing this information.This article may useful for many individuals who are all looking for Hadoop courses.
    Big Data Training in Chennai | Big Data Courses in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  100. Really cool post, highly informative and professionally written and I am glad to be a visitor of this perfect blog, thank you for this rare info! , Regards, servicenow training in hyderabad

    ReplyDelete
  101. Well Said, you have furnished the right information that will be useful to anyone at all time. Thanks for sharing your Ideas.
    web designing course in Chennai |
    web designing training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  102. V Tight Gel is one one the best vaginal tightening gel available in market. For more plz visit

    ReplyDelete
  103. Welcomes to google terminal keep sharing such ideas in the future as well.
    google snake this was actually EARN TO DIE
    what i was looking for,and i am glad to came here! AGE OF WAR 2
    Hi! I’ve been reading your blog for a while HAPPY WHEELS
    I want you to thank for your time of this wonderful read!!! Slitherio
    Amazing insight you have on this, Slither io This article always blew me BIG FARM

    ReplyDelete
  104. we talked to readers who knocked off 10, 25, even 60 pounds with some easy tweakssale legal steroids

    ReplyDelete
  105. Looking for proven, effective Dianabol for Sale without side effects? Discover premium Dbal-Max Pills currently helping guys build mass safely. http://www.dbalmax-reviews.com/

    ReplyDelete
  106. Excellent post!!!. The strategy you have posted on this technology helped me to get into the next level and had lot of information in it.
    salesforce training in chennai | salesforce training institute in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  107. SAP HANA training in hyderabad,This is the best path You can Learn COmplete Course with full fledge knowledge of SAP.
    SAP HANA online training

    ReplyDelete
  108. legacy mindset in test automation..

    Hadoop training in hyderabad.All the basic and get the full knowledge of hadoop.
    hadoop training in hyderabad

    ReplyDelete
  109. Well Said, you have furnished the right information that will be useful to anyone at all time. Thanks for sharing your Ideas.
    oracle training in chennai | oracle training institutes in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  110. Excellent post!!!. The strategy you have posted on this technology helped me to get into the next level and had lot of information in it.
    cloud computing training in chennai | cloud computing courses in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  111. PhenQ is boasted as a pharmaceutical-grade supplement for weight-loss.this product helps elevate mood, boost energy levels high, burn off extra stored fat, suppress appetite and block the production of fat.

    ReplyDelete
  112. Thanks for Sharing the valuable information and thanks for sharing the wonderful article..We are glad to see such a wonderful article..
    QTP Training in Chennai | QTP Training Institute in Chennai | QTP Training

    ReplyDelete
  113. Best Tutorial for .net http://www.bestencouragement.com/2016/05/c-using-system-declaration.html

    ReplyDelete

  114. Java Corporate Training Companies in Chennai Corporate Training Companies in India Corporate Training Companies in India

    Corporate Training in Chennai Corporate Training in Chennai

    Corporate Training Companies in India Corporate Training Companies in India

    Java Corporate Training Companies in India Java Corporate Training Companies in India

    Java Corporate Training Companies in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  115. Angular 2 Training in Chennai Angular 2 Training in Chennai | D3 Training in CHennai D3 Training
    HTML5 Training in Chennai

    Ecmascript 6 Training in Chennai Ecmascript 6 Training in Chennai ES6 Training in Chennai ES6 Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  116. Angular 2 Training in Chennai Angular 2 Training in Chennai JavaScript Training in Chennai JavaScript Training in Chennai ReactJS Training in CHennai ReactJS Training JQuery Training in Chennai JQuery Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  117. Hibernate Training Institutes in ChennaiHibernate Training Institutes in Chennai Hibernate Online Training Hibernate Online Training Hibernate Training in Chennai Hibernate Training in Chennai Java Online Training Java Online Training

    ReplyDelete
  118. Online JSF Training JSF Training Institutes in Chennai Java Training Institutes Java Training Institutes Struts2 Training Institutes in Chennai Struts2 Training Institutes in Chennai EJB Training Institutes in Chennai EJB Training Institutes in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  119. JMS Training Institutes in Chennai JMS Training Institutes in Chennai | JSP Training Institutes in Chennai | Spring Training Institutes in Chennai Spring Training Institutes in ChennaiMicroServices Training Institutes In Chennai Java MicroServices Training Institutes In Chennai
    Java EE Training Institutes in Chennai Java EE Training Institutes in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  120. 100% Job Oriented R Programming Training In Chennai for more Information click to the best software training in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  121. 100% Job Oriented R Programming Training In Chennai for more Information click to the best dot-net training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  122. You’ve been looking forward to your beach vacation since the freeze you to the core days of February and now it’s a week away and you’re not sure if you’re more psyched for the sun and fun...or scared because time to put on a teeny bikini.for more visit now http://itsallabouthealth.net/bikini-body-recipes/

    ReplyDelete
  123. Slim down for summer with healthy recipes, plus diet advice from the authors of http://itsallabouthealth.net/bikini-body-recipes/ and Tips from Bikini Bootcamp and The Skinny.

    ReplyDelete
  124. nice and really helpful article to everyone... thanks for sharing.
    selenium training in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  125. • Thank you for sharing this information and Very good looking blog.
    manual testing training in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  126. Read about Phen24 Online. It is one of the best weight loss products in 2016

    ReplyDelete
  127. Professional Expert level Android Training in chennai, Android App Development
    Android Training | Android App Development | Training in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  128. Nice informative content which provided me the required information about the programming language where i have gained lot of knowledge.
    PHP training in Chennai | PHP course in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  129. NooCube by Bauer Nutrition is a great addition to any health or vitamin routine for your mind as it is a good all-natural nootropic.
    NooCube Review

    ReplyDelete
  130. Breast Actives
    is a 3 step all natural solution for breast enlargement, combining breast pills, cream and a breast exercise and massage program.http://www.breastactivesbuy.com/

    ReplyDelete
  131. I like to post here something useful for the freshers and the experienced professionals out well who are looking for an Android App which helps you in developing your own Android App Development and also it provides Android training and placement in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  132. great post. i like it. feeling great when reading your post. Keep on posting!
    happy wheels | friv | happy wheels | girlsgogames | games2girls | happy wheels 2

    ReplyDelete
  133. " smart drugs Smart Drug Smarts is for people who want to keep up on the latest breakthroughs in brain health and optimization and the related areas of neuroscience. http://www.noocube-review.com/"

    ReplyDelete
  134. The strategy you have posted on this technology helped me to get into the next level and had lot of information in it.
    Dot net training in Chennai | dot net course in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  135. Thanks for your sharing. Your article is very useful, it gives me more understanding. Please allow me to share a few:
    Unblocked Games - Score Hero - Photo Grid - baixar facebook

    ReplyDelete
  136. " Nootropics or smart drugs, are being used around the world by students, entrepreneurs, small business owners, athletes, poker players and housewives. http://www.noocube-review.com/"

    ReplyDelete
  137. This is the game so players feel very fierce , adventurous . You try to join and play this game , you will feel great like.
    | tank trouble | learn to fly
    gun mayhem | can your pet
    | happ wheels

    ReplyDelete
  138. Male Extra pills are famous on the market. But you have to know some side effects and results. My prof review will help you. http://www.maleextrareviewguide.com

    ReplyDelete
  139. Busy life circumstances than the current world history. Must try to earn money to support themselves, their families and pay for living. But not so that you neglect your own health, but more must cherish it.
    geometry dash , geometry dash game , geometry dash 2.0

    ReplyDelete
  140. I used to play games after long day of work tired or bored. And I would recommend to everyone a very interesting game and attractive for both color and sound

    run 2, , run 2 game, run 2, run 2 unblocked

    ReplyDelete
  141. Testosterone boosters are a class of natural or generally lawful supplements that plan to build levels of Testosterone in the body. If you're more than 30, the truth you live in, is one of diving testosterone levels. The truth of the matter is, the normal male loses 1% of his testosterone consistently, beginning around age 30. That implies when you're 80, the greater part your testosterone could be gone.
    testosterone booster reviews

    ReplyDelete
  142. In your article, points caught my attention the most is how your prose, to give me a deep impression. Wish you would write more. good luck!
    subway surfers game , subway surfer , subway surfers

    ReplyDelete
  143. I wanted to thank you for this excellent read!! I definitely loved every little bit of it.Cheers for the info!!!! & This is the perfect blog for anyone who wants to know about this topic
    return man 2 game , return man 2 , return man

    ReplyDelete
  144. Amazing insight you have on this, it's nice to find a website that details so much information about different artists...
    COMEDK 2017
    comedk uget 2017

    ReplyDelete
  145. having more sex can make you live longer Male Extra pills are famous on the market. But you have to know some side effects and results. My prof review will help you.

    ReplyDelete
  146. for beginners like me need a lot of reading and searching for information on various blogs. and articles that you share a very nice and inspires me . cara menggugurkan kandungan

    ReplyDelete
  147. how to make your vagina tighter Many women also consider v tight gel after having children. During natural childbirth the vaginal muscles expand to form the birth canal for your baby. http://vtightgelreviewer.com

    ReplyDelete